Glossary of Ingredients


I tend to use English names of the ingredients I list in my recipes. But even I learnt a few of them only after starting this blog, the Telugu or Tamil name was what I've been familiar with all along. So this page will act as a bridge/translator. I will try and list as many ingredients as I can in English, Telugu, Tamil & Hindi.

I would really appreciate your help in adding to it and suggesting changes if there is an error or an alternate name for it in that language. Send me an email at akshayapaatram at gmail dot com and help me make this list comprehensive with your additions - acknowledgement will be duly extended.


English

Telugu

Tamil

Hindi

Spices







Asafoetida

Ingua

Perungayam

Hing

Bay Leaf

Biryani aaku

Brinji ilai

Tej Patta

Black Cardamom

Nalla Yalakalu

-

Moti Elaichi

Black Cumin seeds

Seema sopyginjalu

Perum Jeeragam

Shah Jeera/Kala Jeera

Cardamom

Yalakalu

Yelakai

Choti Elaichi

Caraway Seeds

Seema sopyginjalu

-

-

Carom Seeds

Vamam

Omam

Ajwain

Cinnamon

Dalchina chakka

Pattai

Dalchini

Cloves

Lavangalu

Lavangam

Laung

Coriander Seeds

Dhaniyalu

Dhania/Kothamalli
vidhai

Dhaniya

Cumin seeds

Jeelakara

Jeeragam

Jeera

Dry Fenugreek Seeds

endu menthi aaku
-
Kasuri Methi

Dry Mango Powder

Endu Mamidikaya podi

-

Amchoor

Fennel/Anise Seeds

Sompu

Sombu

Saunf

Fenugreek

Menthulu

Vendayam

Methi

Mace

Japatri

-

Javitri

Mustard seeds

Aavalu

Kadugu

Rai/Sarson

Nigella/Onion seeds

-

-

Kalonji

Nutmeg

Jaajikaya

Jaadhikai

Jaiphal

Pomogranate Seeds

Dhanimma Ginjalu

Maadulam vidhai

Anaardana

Poppy seeds

Gasagasallu

Kasakasa

Khus Khus

Red Chilli powder

Erra Karam

Molagai podi

Kuti Lal Mirch

Red Chillies

Endu/Erra Mirapakaya

Kanjha milagai

Lal Mirch

Saffron

Kumkuma puvvu

Kumkuma poo

Kesar

Turmeric

Pasupu

Manjal thool

Haldi




Grains






Barley

Jaava

Barli arisi

Jau

Buckwheat

Kuttu

Kotu

Kootu

Beaten Rice

Atukulu

Aval

Poha

Broken Wheat

Godhuma Rava

Godhumai Ravai

Dalia

Puffed Rice

Borugulu/Murmuralu

Pori

Kurmura

Millet pearl

Sajjalu

Kambu

Bajra

Oats

Yavalu

Oatarisi

Jav

Rice

Bhiyyam

Arisi

Chawal

Tapioca/Sago

Sabudana

Jawarisi

Sabudana

Semolina

Rava

Ravai

Sooji

Wheat

Godhumalu

Godhumai

Gehun




Lentils & Beans



Peanuts

Verusenagalu/Palli

verkadalai

Moongphalli

Red Lentil

-

Masoor/Mysore
 paruppu

Masoor Dal

Split Bengal Gram

Senaga pappu

kadalai paruppu

Channa dal

Split Black Gram

Minapappu

Ulutham paruppu

Urad dal

Split Green Gram

Pesara pappu

Paasi paruppu

Moong dal

Split Red Gram

Kandi Pappu

Tuvaram paruppu

Toor dal

Whole Green Gram

Pesarlu

Pachai Payaru

Sabut moong

Dried Green/Yellow Peas

Battanilu

battani

Vatana

Roasted Gram Dal

Putnalu

Pottu kadalai

Bhuna Chana dal

Black eyed peas/Cow peas

Alasandalu/Bobbarlu

Karamani

Lobhia




Flours






All Purpose flour

Maida

Maida

Maida

Gram flour/Chickpea Flour

Senaga pindi

Kadalai maavu

Besan

Maize Flour /Corn Flour

Makka jonna Pindi

Chola maavu

Makkai ka atta

Whole Wheat Flour

Goduma pindi

Godhumai mavu

Gehun ka Atta

Rice Flour

Bhiyyam Pindi

Arisi maavu

Chawal ka Atta




Vegetables & Herbs






Ashgourd

budidha gummadikaya

vellai poosanikay

-

Bitter Gourd

Kaakarakaya

Paavakay

Karela

Bottle Gourd

Sorakaya/Anapakaya

Surakay

-

Broad Beans

Chikkudikaya

Avarakay

Papdi Lilva

Cabbage

-

Mutta kose

Patha Gobi

Capsicum

Simla Mirchi

Kuda milagai

Shimla Mirch

Carrot

-

-

-

Cilantro/coriander leaves

Kothimeera

Kothamalli

Dhaniya

Cluster Beans

Goruchikkudikaya

Kothavarangai

Guvar phali

Coconut

Kobbarikaya

Thengai

Nariyal

Cucumber

Dosakaya

Vellarikay/Kakkarikai

Kakdi/Keera

Lemon Cucumber

Dosakaya/Bodamakaya

Vellarikay



Colocasia

Chaamadumpa

Seppamkizhangu

Arbi

Curry leaves

Karivepaku

Kariveppilai

Kadipatta

Drumstick

Munakkada

Murungakay

Singhada

Eggplant/Brinjal

Vankaya

Katharikay

Baingan

Garlic

Velulli

Poondu

Lasun

Gherkin (?)

Dondakaya

Kovaikay

Tindora

Ginger (dry)

Sonti

Sukku

Sonth

Ginger (fresh)

Allam

Inji

Adrak

Green Beans

Sannachikkudikaya

-

-

Green Chillies

Pacchi Mirapakaya

Pacchai milagai

Hari Mirch

Green Peas

Pacchi Battani

Pachai Pattani

Muttar

Indian Gooseberry

Usirikaya

Nellikay

Amla

Lady finger/Okra

Bendakayalu

Vendaikay

Bhindi

Lemon

Nimmakaya

Yelumichampazham

Nimbu

Mint

Pudina

Pudina

Pudina

Onions

Ulli

Vengayam

Pyaaz

Potatoes

Bangala Dumpa

Urulaikizhangu

Aloo

Radish

Mullangi

Mullangi

Mooli

Raw banana

Aratikaya

Vaazhaikay

Kela

Red Pumpkin

Gummadikaya

Sivappu poosanikay

Kaddu

Ridge Gourd

Beerakaya

Peerkangay

-

Snake Gourd

Potlakaya

Pudlangay

-

Sweet Potato

tiyyakandagadda

Chakkarivallikizhangu

Shakarkand / Ratalu

Tamarind

Chintapandu

Puli

Imli

Tomatoes

Tamata

Thakkali

Tamatar

Yam

Pullakanda

Senai

Suran




Greens






Amaranth/Chinese Spinach

Thotakura

Mulaikeerai

-

Fenugreek leaves

Menthi kura

Vendhayakeerai

Methi

Malabar Spinach

Bachali kura

Pasali keerai

-

Sorrel

Gongura

Gonkura/Pulichakeerai

-

Spinach

Palakura

Keerai

Palak

Purslane/Verdolaga

Payala/Gangavayala Kura

Paruppu Keerai






Dry Fruits






Almond

Badam pappu

Badam paruppu

Badam

Cashew

Kajulu

Mundhiri paruppu

Kaju

Pistachios

Pista

Pista

Pista

Raisins

Endu draksha

Kanjha drakshai

Kishmish

Walnuts





Akroot

Sesame Seeds

Nuvvulu

Yellu

Til




Miscellaneous






Oil

Neyyi

Neyi

Ghee

butter

Venna

Vennai

Makkhan

Honey

Thene

Then

Shehad

Yogurt/Curd

Perugu

Thayir

Dahi

Buttermilk

Majjiga

Moru

Chaas

Seasoning

Popu/Talimpu

Thalithal

Tadka




Thanks to: Mom, Karthika

3 thoughts:

Vennila Kalidass said...

Thank you very much.Helped me so much in all means. Also if you could give meanings in English for (sepang kizhangu, karakulambu which is in Tamil )

sthitapragnya said...

The word for Tomato in Telugu is quite similar to the Tamil word, it's 'Tattili Pandu/kaya', but no one uses it as much. Of course, Cashew is 'Jeedi pappu'. :D

Anushitha V said...

Thanks for the info..it is really helpful...Sago in Telugu is Saggubiyyam :)

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